关于钍能和熔盐堆的言论

 

1. I believe the country’s almost single-minded commitment to fast breeder reactors, and its corresponding inability to support alternatives, particularly the molten salt breeder, is an error which I hope the Joint Committee can somehow correct.

---Weinberg

 【这个国家现在一意孤行的要发展快增殖堆,让其他堆型的发展变得不可能,特别是熔盐堆,希望联合委员会能改正这个错误----阿尔·温伯格】

 

2. China currently imports uranium for her existing and planned new power reactors for civilian use. With thorium, China would have no import reliance at all.

----Carlo Rubbia

 【目前中国通过进口铀来满足现有的、待建的核电站的需求,如果用钍,那么中国就根本不需要依赖进口了。----卡罗·鲁比亚】

 

3. Rubbia noted that thorium has “absolute pre-eminence” over all fuels including uranium as well as fossil fuels. He said it must become a staple of nuclear because it leaves less long-lived waste than uranium, is far more plentiful, is resistant to weapons proliferation and has a much higher energy content so that reactors will require less of it.

----Carlo Rubbia

 【Rubbia称Th与其他燃料相比有绝对的优势,因为跟铀相比,它产生的长寿命废料更少,储量更多,防核扩散性能更好,而且相同功率产出需要量更少。----卡罗·鲁比亚】

 

4. The creation of a new, appropriate end of the cycle procedure has been a so far undisclosed necessity for the practical realization of any closed Thorium cycle.

----Carlo Rubbia

 【新的、合适的燃料循环最终都可以通过闭式钍燃料循环来实现。----卡罗·鲁比亚】

 

5. Thorium Energy is therefore the logical partner together with renewables to replace fossil fuels, creating energy abundance and sustainability. Thorium Energy is a safe long-term solution to raising our living standard, a reliable energy source capable of sustaining us far into the future.

----ITHEO

 【钍能源和新能源一样可以替代化石燃料,可持续的产生更多能源。钍能源是提高我们生活水平的安全、长期的解决方法,能可靠的维持我们未来的能源需求。---ITHEO】

 

6. Molten Salt Reactors – Safer, Cleaner, Cheaper Nuclear Power.

----温伯格基金会

 

7. Thorium: Clean fuel for the 21st Century.

----温伯格基金会

 

8. 熔盐堆可能是清洁能源的规则改编者,这对清洁能源开发的复兴及应对气候变化是一大好消息。

----阿尔·温伯格基金会

 

9. 是时候将熔盐堆提上议事日程了。

----英国发展熔盐堆的选择综述报告

 

10. At its heart, the technology is the molten salt reactor invented at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the 1960s. The reactor designs I have developed are inspired by this original concept to provide some of the necessary features just touched on. Additionally providing passive emergency cooling, an extremely compact core and reactor subsystems, few moving parts, minimal online processing, and the latest materials and fabrication techniques, and you can have an idea of the design I am working to move to market. With a sealed module design life of 30 years, even with the harsh fluoride salt environment, there are no exceedingly difficult materials problems. Designs range in size from 2 to 100MWe, the range in which the core technology excels. 50 MWe, however, is the standard design for utility customers needing town-sized distributed power generation.

---- Taylor Wilson, August 15, 2013

 【我的设计的本质是基于橡树岭实验室60年代建造的熔盐堆,在原设计的基础上我加上了非能动紧急冷却系统,设计了紧凑的堆芯,添加了堆芯子系统、一些可移动系统、最小在线后处理装置,用了最新的材料和制造技术,我的这些概念可以用于市场化。即使在氟盐环境下,这个密封的堆芯模型上仍可以达到30年的寿期,没有特别困难的材料问题。设计功率为2-100MWe,50MWe的设计是面向城市规模发电量的标准设计。----泰勒·威尔森】

 

11. Thorium is more abundant in nature than uranium. It is fertile rather than fissile, and can only be used as a fuel in conjunction with a fissile material such as recycled plutonium. Thorium fuels can breed fissile uranium-233 to be used in various kinds of nuclear reactors. Molten salt reactors are well suited to thorium fuel, as normal fuel fabrication is avoided.

----World Nuclear Association

 【自然界中钍比铀的储量更多,它是一种增殖材料而非易裂变材料,所以可以与易裂变材料混合使用,钍可以增殖出U-233并用于各类堆型上,熔盐堆适用于钍燃料,无须传统的燃料加工。----世界核协会】

 

12. Molten Salt Reactors (MSR) operated in the 1960s. They are seen as a promising technology today principally as a thorium fuel cycle prospect or for using spent LWR fuel. A variety of designs is being developed, many as fast neutron types. Global research is currently led by China. Some have solid fuel similar to HTR fuel.

----World Nuclear Association

 【熔盐堆在六十年代就运行过,这是实现钍燃料循环、LWR废料利用的很有前途的技术。很多堆型已经被设计出来,主要是快中子堆型。全球的熔盐堆研究由中国引领,一些堆型燃料类似HTR的固态燃料。----世界核协会】

 

13. Thorium has been proposed as a clean, safe, proliferation resistant and sustainable source of energy which additionally is free from most of the issues associated with uranium.

----TEA

 【钍被证明是一种洁净、安全、防核扩散并可持续的能源来源,此外它没有铀燃料所存在的一些问题。----TEA】

 

14. Thorium energy can help us check CO2 and global warming, cut deadly air pollution, provide inexhaustible energy, and increase human prosperity.

----《THORIUM: energy cheaper than coal》 by Robert Hargraves

 

15. Now, as the world searches for cheap, non-carbon-emitting energy sources, thorium is reemerging as an overlooked solution.

----《Super-fuel: thorium, the green energy for the future》 by Richard Martin

 

16. 核能在美国和全世界碳排放中有重要作用,如果能燃烧钍和铀并使之在价格上与煤炭竞争,可给这个星球上的每个人按照美国电力消耗水平提供能源一千年。具备非能动安全系统的轻水堆、钠冷快堆和熔盐堆,就他们在技术演化中的相对成熟度而言,可分别比拟为大型主机、微机和以微处理器为基础的系统。

----哈佛教授乔·拉赛特